Pull Requests

If you want to contribute to an ESLint repo, please use a GitHub pull request. This is the fastest way for us to evaluate your code and to merge it into the code base. Please don’t file an issue with snippets of code. Doing so means that we need to manually merge the changes in and update any appropriate tests. That decreases the likelihood that your code is going to get included in a timely manner. Please use pull requests.

Getting Started

If you’d like to work on a pull request and you’ve never submitted code before, follow these steps:

  1. Sign our Contributor License Agreement.
  2. Set up a development environment.
  3. Ensure there’s an issue that describes what you’re doing. You can create a new issue or just indicate you’re working on an existing issue.
    • Exception: documentation-only changes do not require an issue.

After that, you’re ready to start working on code.

Working with Code

The process of submitting a pull request is fairly straightforward and generally follows the same pattern each time:

  1. Create a new branch
  2. Make your changes
  3. Rebase onto upstream
  4. Run the tests
  5. Squash your commits
  6. Double check your submission
  7. Submit the pull request

Details about each step are found below.

Step 1: Create a new branch

The first step to sending a pull request is to create a new branch in your ESLint fork. Give the branch a descriptive name that describes what it is you’re fixing, such as:

$ git checkout -b issue1234

You should do all of your development for the issue in this branch.

Note: Do not combine fixes for multiple issues into one branch. Use a separate branch for each issue you’re working on.

Step 2: Make your changes

Make the changes to the code and tests, following the code conventions as you go. Once you have finished, commit the changes to your branch:

$ git add -A
$ git commit

Our commit message format is as follows:

Tag: Short description (fixes #1234)

Longer description here if necessary

The first line of the commit message (the summary) must have a specific format. This format is checked by our build tools.

The Tag is one of the following:

Use the labels of the issue you are working on to determine the best tag.

The message summary should be a one-sentence description of the change, and it must be 72 characters in length or shorter. The issue number should be mentioned at the end. If the commit doesn’t completely fix the issue, then use (refs #1234) instead of (fixes #1234).

Here are some good commit message summary examples:

Build: Update Travis to only test Node 0.10 (refs #734)
Fix: Semi rule incorrectly flagging extra semicolon (fixes #840)
Upgrade: Esprima to 1.2, switch to using Esprima comment attachment (fixes #730)

The commit message format is important because these messages are used to create a changelog for each release. The tag and issue number help to create more consistent and useful changelogs.

Step 3: Rebase onto upstream

Before you send the pull request, be sure to rebase onto the upstream source. This ensures your code is running on the latest available code.

git fetch upstream
git rebase upstream/master

Step 4: Run the tests

After rebasing, be sure to run all of the tests once again to make sure nothing broke:

npm test

Step 5: Squash your commits

ESLint requires just one commit per pull request. If you have used multiple commits, be sure to squash your commits.

Step 6: Double check your submission

With your code ready to go, this is a good time to double-check your submission to make sure it follows our conventions. Here are the things to check:

Step 7: Send the pull request

Now you’re ready to send the pull request. Go to your ESLint fork and then follow the GitHub documentation on how to send a pull request.

Following Up

Once your pull request is sent, it’s time for the team to review it. As such, please make sure to:

  1. Monitor the status of the Travis CI build for your pull request. If it fails, please investigate why. We cannot merge pull requests that fail Travis for any reason.
  2. Respond to comments left on the pull request from team members. Remember, we want to help you land your code, so please be receptive to our feedback.
  3. We may ask you to make changes, rebase, or squash your commits.

Updating the Commit Message

If your commit message is in the incorrect format, you’ll be asked to update it. You can do so via:

$ git commit --amend

This will open up your editor so you can make changes. After that, you’ll need to do a forced push to your branch:

$ git push origin issue1234 -f

Updating the Code

If we ask you to make code changes, there’s no need to close the pull request and create a new one. Just go back to the branch on your fork and make your changes. Then, when you’re ready, you can add your changes into the branch:

$ git add -A
$ git commit --amend --no-edit
$ git push origin issue1234 -f

This snippets adds all your new changes, then amends the previous commit with them. The --no-edit means you don’t want to edit the commit message; you can omit that option if you need to make commit message changes as well.


If your code is out-of-date, we might ask you to rebase. That means we want you to apply your changes on top of the latest upstream code. You can do so via:

$ git fetch upstream
$ git rebase upstream/master

You might find that there are merge conflicts when you attempt to rebase. Please resolve the conflicts and then do a forced push to your branch:

$ git push origin issue1234 -f


If you have more than one commit on your pull request, we’ll ask you to squash your commits. Once your commits are squashed, you can do a forced push to update your branch:

$ git push origin issue1234 -f