Disallow specific imports (no-restricted-imports)

禁用特定的 import (no-restricted-imports)

Imports are an ES6/ES2015 standard for making the functionality of other modules available in your current module. In CommonJS this is implemented through the require() call which makes this ESLint rule roughly equivalent to its CommonJS counterpart no-restricted-modules.

import 是 ES6/ES2015 的一个标准,用来在你的当前模块引入其他模块。这在 CommonJS 中是通过调用 require() 来实现的,使得该规则大致相当于 CommonJS 对应的 no-restricted-modules 规则。

Why would you want to restrict imports?

为什么要限制 import ?

Rule Details

This rule allows you to specify imports that you don’t want to use in your application.

该规则允许你指定你不想在你的应用中使用的 import。

Options

The syntax to specify restricted imports looks like this:

像这样指定受限制的 import:

"no-restricted-imports": ["error", "import1", "import2"]

or like this:

或像这样:

"no-restricted-imports": ["error", { "paths": ["import1", "import2"] }]

When using the object form, you can also specify an array of gitignore-style patterns:

当使用对象格式时,还可以指定一组 gitignore 风格的模式:

"no-restricted-imports": ["error", {
    "paths": ["import1", "import2"],
    "patterns": ["import1/private/*", "import2/*", "!import2/good"]
}]

You may also specify a custom message for any paths you want to restrict as follows:

你也可以为你想要限制的路径指定一个自定义消息:

"no-restricted-imports": ["error", [{
  "name": "import-foo",
  "message": "Please use import-bar instead."
}]]

or like this:

或像这样:

"no-restricted-imports": ["error", {
  "paths": [{
    "name": "import-foo",
    "message": "Please use import-bar instead."
  }]
}]

or like this if you need to restrict only certain imports from a module:

或者像这样,如果你需要限制从一个模块中的某一个导入:

"no-restricted-imports": ["error", {
  "paths": [{
    "name": "import-foo",
    "importNames": ["Bar"],
    "message": "Please use Bar from /import-bar/baz/ instead."
  }]
}]

The custom message will be appended to the default error message. Please note that you may not specify custom error messages for restricted patterns as a particular import may match more than one pattern.

自定义消息将附加到默认的错误消息。请注意,你可能没有为受限模式指定自定义错误消息,因为特定的导入可能匹配多个模式。

To restrict the use of all Node.js core imports (via https://github.com/nodejs/node/tree/master/lib):

(通过https://github.com/nodejs/node/tree/master/lib)限制所有 Node.js 核心导入的使用:

    "no-restricted-imports": ["error",
         "assert","buffer","child_process","cluster","crypto","dgram","dns","domain","events","freelist","fs","http","https","module","net","os","path","punycode","querystring","readline","repl","smalloc","stream","string_decoder","sys","timers","tls","tracing","tty","url","util","vm","zlib"
    ],

Examples

Examples of incorrect code for this rule:

错误 代码示例:

/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", "fs"]*/

import fs from 'fs';
/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", { "paths": ["cluster"] }]*/

import cluster from 'cluster';
/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", { "patterns": ["lodash/*"] }]*/

import pick from 'lodash/pick';
/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", { paths: [{
    name: "foo",
    importNames: ["default"],
    message: "Please use the default import from '/bar/baz/' instead."
}]}]*/

import DisallowedObject from "foo";
/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", { paths: [{
    name: "foo",
    importNames: ["DisallowedObject"],
    message: "Please import 'DisallowedObject' from '/bar/baz/' instead."
}]}]*/

import { DisallowedObject as AllowedObject } from "foo";
/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", { paths: [{
    name: "foo",
    importNames: ["DisallowedObject"],
    message: "Please import 'DisallowedObject' from '/bar/baz/' instead."
}]}]*/

import * as Foo from "foo";

Examples of correct code for this rule:

正确 代码示例:

/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", "fs"]*/

import crypto from 'crypto';
/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", { "paths": ["fs"], "patterns": ["eslint/*"] }]*/

import crypto from 'crypto';
import eslint from 'eslint';
/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", { paths: [{ name: "foo", importNames: ["DisallowedObject"] }] }]*/

import DisallowedObject from "foo"
/*eslint no-restricted-imports: ["error", { paths: [{
    name: "foo",
    importNames: ["DisallowedObject"],
    message: "Please import 'DisallowedObject' from '/bar/baz/' instead."
}]}]*/

import { AllowedObject as DisallowedObject } from "foo";

When Not To Use It

Don’t use this rule or don’t include a module in the list for this rule if you want to be able to import a module in your project without an ESLint error or warning.

如果希望在你的项目中引入一个模块,而且不会有 ESLint 错误或警告,不要使用该规则或不要包含该规则列表中的模块。

Version

This rule was introduced in ESLint 2.0.0-alpha-1.

该规则在 ESLint 2.0.0-alpha-1 中被引入。

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